Jacob (Jack) Kleinberg
Messman, S.S. Raceland
Died 28 Mar 1942
Commemorated at Tower Hill Memorial and Piershill Jewish Cemetery, Edinburgh
Jack was born on 4 March 1918 in Edinburgh to Samuel, a baker, and Fanny nee Poliwansky.
Jack’s story is written in AJEX archivist Martin Sugarman’s book, ‘Jews in the Merchant Navy in the Second World War’. Jack was killed on the US ship, S.S. Raceland which was sunk on 28 March 1942 en route to Murmansk in convoy PQ 13 by German aircraft and was not commemorated by the CWGC. After considerable research and correspondence by the Scottish National War Memorial, researcher Jos Odijk and Martin it was established that Jack was on board the ship. Sadly, he was one of the tragic cases that survived the initial attack but died from exposure on one of the lifeboats. He was recognised by the CWGC in 2016 and in September 2016 was posthumously awarded the Arctic Star.